The World Of Scorpions

What is a scorpion?

A scorpion is an animal. A scorpion is a non insect, from the larbori ferrous group. This group belongs to the arachnids class. The arachnids class usually contains animals with eight walking legs. Scorpions are known for their painful stingers that are connected to poison glands. A scorpion has five pairs of ligaments. The first pair are the pinchers, they are used to pinch and cut their prey. The second pair has claws, used to smash or crush its prey. Scorpions have six to twelve eyes depending on the species. While walking, a scorpions stinger is curved up. To eat a scorpion catches its prey, and plunges its stinger into the prey, either killing or paralyzing it. Scorpions usually eat spiders, insects, and millipedes. A scorpions sting may cause illness, or even death to anything it stings!

Where do scorpions live?

Scorpions live in dark places such as under rocks, in bark, or in the shadows of buildings during the day. Scorpions are usually out at night. Scorpions like warm climates, they are found usually from Southern United States to Patagonia. There are about 500 species of scorpions in the world, America containing about 30 of them. Scorpions are from 1/2 to over 8 inches long!

A newborn scorpion

Once a scorpion is born it will cling to its mother's back, but the mother will not feed it. The scorpion then goes off on its own. A young scorpion will cling to its mother because it is too young to go off on its own.

A scorpion's sting

Scorpions have stingers that can be very painful. A scorpion's sting has poison glands. These poison glands contain a very poisonous poison. A scorpions sting will hurt very much, and is so poisonous it could kill an infant or any young child.

Good Adaptations

A scorpion has many adaptations. One that is the most obvious is its stinger. With a stinger it can easily kill its food and protect itself, by injecting it into the enemy. Another is its claws. A scorpion can smash its prey if it can't use its stinger. A scorpion has four sticky legs, sticky legs him climb up things such as trees, now it can get away from enemies. Another reason that sticky legs are important is because, it is harder to get blown away, by wind or other things. This also helps him because if he gets one of his legs chopped off or broken it can use the other seven to walk. Scorpions have very hard shells, that look like plates on their backs. These plates are an adaptation because if a scorpion did not have a shell, and it was stepped on it would be crushed just like most other small bugs. This shell prevents the scorpion from getting crushed easily. Another adaptation is when I got that scorpion in Arizona, I noticed that Arizona was covered in desert, and, that the color of the scorpion was brown. This is an adaptation because if the scorpion was purple it would be easy to see. So the light brown camouflages the scorpion while it is out in the wilderness alone in the desert. Depending on the type of scorpion, a scorpion can cave from 6 to 12 eyes. This as a helpfull adaptation for scorpions because if a scorpion looses an eye, it has many more to see with.

Bad Adaptations

The bad adaptations that a scorpion has is that scorpions are fluorescent, which means they glow when a black light is shined on them. This means that scorpions can easily be caught and be studied on. This is bad for scorpions, but good for us. Another bad adaptation is that scorpions fight each other upon sight, so they couldn't get help from other scorpions.


Hutchins, Ross, "Scorpions', Colliers Encyclopedia, New York, 1995.

Vitt, Laurie, "Scorpions", World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia, 1998.

By: Brandon B.

NOVA Adaptations and Survival menu.